Be Careful: Lassa Fever Resurfaces In Nigeria
The government of Enugu State have announced the emergence of a fresh Lassa fever outbreak in Enugu. The Commissioner for Health, Dr Fintan Ekochin, confirmed the death of one person but insists that there is no need to panic as people in contact with the deceased before his death, have been placed on drugs known to prevent further spread of the virus.
What Is LassaFever?
It is an acute and often fatal viral disease often acquired from infected rats. If infected, early supportive care with rehydration and symptomatic treatment improves survival outcomes.
How Is Lassa Fever Transmitted?
- Exposure to urine or faeces of infected rats
- Direct contact with the blood, urine, faeces, or other bodily secretions of an infected person
- Through contaminated medical equipment, such as re-used needles
- By sexual intercourse
What Are The Symptoms Of Lassa Fever?
- Fever and general weakness
- Sore throat
- Muscle and chest pain
- Nausea, vomiting &diarrhea
- Bleeding from the mouth, nose, vagina or gastrointestinal tracts
- Low blood pressure
In advanced cases:
- Shock, seizures and tremors
- Disorientation and coma
Advice from Hygeia HMO
- Clean your home, shops and offices thoroughly
- Dispose refuse appropriately
- Store food in rodent proof containers
- Avoid contact with blood and bodily fluids of infected persons
- Health care workers should always apply standard infection precautions when caring for patients
To report any case of suspected LassaFever, please contact the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Federal Ministry of Health using the following numbers: 08093810105, 08163215251, 08031571667 and 08135050005.
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